European Defence Agency
The European Defence Agency (EDA) was established under a joint action of the Council of Ministers on the 12th July, 2004 and constitutes one of the Services of Common Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) with its offices in Brussels. All the member states of the European Union, apart from Denmark, participate in the Agency. Cyprus became a full member of EDA with a decision of Ministerial Council on the 25th of June 2004.
The mission of the Agency is to support the Council and the Member States in their effort to improve the EU´s defence capabilities in the field of crisis management and to sustain the ESDP as it stands now and develops in the future. It also aims in the promotion and aid of European collaboration in the sector of equipment, while it also aims at the aid of the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base, at the creation of a competitive European market of defensive equipment, as well as at the promotion of research.
The Agency operates under the monitoring and the political control of Council. The Council publishes annual guide lines with regard to the activities of the Agency, mainly regarding its program of work and approves its financial framework every three years. The Agency submits regularly a report to the Council regarding its activities.
The bodies of the Agency include the Head of the Agency, the Steering Board and the Chief Executive.
The Head of the Agency is the Secretary General/High Representative of ESDP. He is responsible for the general organisation and operation of the Agency. He also ensures that the guidelines issued by the Council and the decisions of the Steering Board are applied by the Chief Executive.
The Steering Board is the body of decision-making of the Agency. It is composed of representatives from each participating member state and a representative of the Committee. Firstly it sits at least two times annually, in level of Ministers of Defence or their representatives and certain times each year for the subjects of Armaments, Research and Technology and Military Capabilities. The Head of the Agency convenes and chairs the meetings of the Steering Board at the ministerial level.
The Chief Executive of the Agency is appointed by the Steering Board based on a proposal of the Head of the Agency for a period of three years, with the possibility of biennial extension. It directs the personnel of the Agency and is responsible for the monitoring and the co-ordination of functional teams.
The budgetary provisions that are applied in the general budget of the Agency are established by the Council with unanimity. The income is constituted mainly by the contributions of member states that participate in the Agency. The contributions are calculated based on the gross national income that is fixed in article 28 paragraph 3 of the treaty of EU and according to the decision 2000/597/EC, Council, of 29th September 2000).