1. Naval Operation EUNAVFOR MED Sophia
The European Council on 18 June 2015, in view of the dramatic situation resulting in the death of illegal immigrants in the Mediterranean Sea off Libya, authorized the start of the operation, with the task of disrupting the trafficking of illegal immigrants and their networks by undertaking systematic attempts to locate, capture and neutralize the vessels used for their movement.
At this time, a Cypriot officer is serving at the Operations Headquarters in Northwood, London.
2. Naval Operation EUNAVFOR Atalanta
Operation ATALANDA, activated on December 8, 2008, is the first EU Naval Operation under the Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP). According to a decision of the EU Council, which is based on relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council, the Mission of ATALANDA is:
• Protection of ships of the World Food Program (WFP), which provide assistance to the displaced Somali populations and the AMISOM Mission in Somalia.
• Deterrence, prevention and repression of acts of piracy and armed robbery in the maritime area off the coast of Somalia.
• Protection on a case-by-case basis of vulnerable cargo shipping off the coast of Somalia.
• Contribution to the monitoring of fishing activities off the coast of Somalia.
The operation was concluded in December 2018.
3. EUTM Mali
Since January 2012, Mali has been involved in a political conflict, which has led to a humanitarian crisis in the region and posing a threat to international security. In April 2012, the Mali government lost control over the northern part of the country covering two-thirds of the country, which had become a refuge for terrorism, illegal immigration, illicit arms trafficking and organized crime.
The EU has assumed the responsibility of providing military and educational assistance to Mali's armed forces in order to help restore their military capability to enable them to conduct military operations aimed at restoring Mali's territorial integrity and reducing the threat of terrorist attacks groups.
A Cypriot officer has been in the mission in November 2014 for a period of 6 months. The Republic of Cyprus has also contributed to the partial financing of development projects in Mali such as garbage transport, bridge construction and road repairs.