Air Force

AIR FORCE COMMAND (AC)

 

Emblem:

 

 

“Always dominate the skies”

 

 

This phrase is attributed to Lieutenant Colonel Spyros Papaspyros, Commander of the Gaza Basic Training Center, who, in his Formal Speech of 5 October 1941, welcomes in Egypt the personnel of the 335 Squadron, the first Greek squadron equipped with fighter aircraft in the Middle East.

 

The concentric blue and white circles are the emblem of the Air Force. Cyprus declares the Air Force of the Republic of Cyprus. The Eagle symbolizes power and domination over the skies. 

 

Position:

 

Lakatamia Air Base

 

Established:

 

1964 Air Force of Cyprus

 

1976 Renamed to Airforce Command

 

Mission:

 

Maintaining a high degree of operational readiness, with appropriate organization, staff training and maintenance of the means and systems available or assigned for the successful conduct of air operations, in accordance with the current military plans.

 

History:

 

The presence of the Air Force in Cyprus begins in 1964. It was first formed and named as Air Force of Cyprus until 1976 when it was renamed Airforce Command.

 

As early as 1964, it had developed:

 

The 419 Air Defense Squadron at Lakatamia Airfield

The 420 Air Defense Squadron at Tymbou Airfield

The 3rd Early Warning Squadron in Kormakitis

The Squadron of aircraft in Lakatamia Airfield

The Air Control Center (ACC) at NG headquarters

 

The 4th Early Warning Squadron, which initially settled at a peak in Troodos Mountains after six months of operation moved to Kantara area of ​​Pentadactylos Mount. After the 1974 Turkish invasion, the staff of the 3rd EWS was incorporated into the 4th EWS, both were transferred to Troodos and since 2002 renamed as the 4th Control and Report Center (CRC).

 

Structure:

 

Airforce Command is directly under the command of the Chief of National Guard. It consists of its Administrative Headquarters and its Combat Units. They include Helicopter and aircraft squadrons, Air defense squadrons, Early Warning Squadrons and it’s logistic and support units.

 

Head of the Airforce Command is its Commander. The Air Force Staff is organized in Branches, headed by its own Chief of Staff, who executes his duties with the assistance of Branch Managers.

 

The Branches are the following:

 

Α΄ Branch (Operations), consists of the following departments: Α1 (Operational Planning), Α2 (Intelligent – Security), Α3 (Drills – Current Operations – Foreign Relations), Α4 (Air Defense).

 

Β΄ Branch (Personnel Training, Organization), consists of the following departments: Β1 (Training), Β2 (Personnel - Conscription), Β3 (Judicial - Administrative), Β4 (Military Recruitment), Β5 (Organization), Β6 (Standardization-Evaluation)

 

C΄ Branch (Logistics and Support), consists of the following departments: C1 (Transportation Means - Weapon Systems), C2 (AC Maintenance - Quality Control), C3 (Communications Division-Avionics), C4 (Supply Division) and C5 (Facilities Division).

 

The ACC Branch (Airspace Control Center).

 

The following are also units of the AC:

 

55 Combat Group with its Units:

 

450 Helicopters Squadron.

460 Search - Rescue Squadron.

420 Air Defense Squadron

MEYP Logistic and Support Operational Squadron

 

Other Units of AC:

 

4o CRC

451 Active Air Defence Squadron

453 Active Air Defence Squadron

419 Air Defense Squadron

 

Contact info:

 

Address:

 

First Lt. M. Loizou Unit

Themistokleous Street, Lakatamia, P.O BOX 2325

Tel: 22-416600

Fax: 22-416649

Secretariat: 22-416602

E-mail: force.command@cytanet.com.cy

 

 

 

 

55 COMBAT GROUP

 

Emblem:

“Always remember to guard” (taken from Homer, Iliad Versus 297-9)

 

Polydamas friend of Hector and a prominent speaker, urges Trojans to enter the walls to avoid the wrath of Achilles that comes from the death of his friend Patroclus, who (Achilles) constantly persecutes them. Hector, a Troop leader opposes the opinion of Polydamas and urges them to show resistance outside the walls and to be vigilant.

 

Concentric circles symbolize the emblem of the Air Force. The eagle with the lightning is a symbol of militancy, power and dominance in the air.

 

Location:

 

Paphos Air Base

 

Established:

 

1995

 

Subordination:

 

Under Airforce Command

 

Mission

 

Maintaining a high degree of operational readiness, with appropriate organization, staff training and maintenance of the means and systems available to or assigned to it for the take-up and successful conduct of air operations, in accordance with the current war Plans. In addition the hosting of friendly aircrafts and their crews upon request or needed under specific circumstances.

 

Aircraft served:

 

PC-9

 

Aircraft serving:

 

Mi-35P

SA-342

AW 139

Β206

ΒΝ-2Β Islander

 

History

 

The 55 Combat Group was established in September 1995 and undertook operational functioning in 1996. Firstly under its operational Command and Control were the 420 Air Defense Squadron and four Support Platoons. In 2001, the 450 Helicopter Squadron was established and placed under its operational Command and Control. In 2010, the four Support Platoons were integrated into one Squadron (named MEYP) and along with the newly established 460 Search & Rescue Squadron they were placed under the command of the Combat Group.

 

Squadrons:

 

450 Helicopter Squadron

460 SAR Squadron

420 Air Defense Squadron

MEYP Logistic and Support Operational Squadron

 

 

 

 

450 HELICOPTER SQUADRON (HSQ)

 

Emblem:

"Always in flight"

 

Τhe squadron emblem consists of golden stars and a black panther. The golden stars symbolize the Mi-35P Attack Helicopters and the Black Panther – known for its ferocious nightly attacks – symbolizes the squadron’s operational capabilities both day and night.

 

Location:

 

Paphos Air Base

 

Established:

 

2001

 

Subordination:

 

Under 55 CG

 

Mission

 

Maintaining a high degree of operational readiness, with appropriate organization, staff training and maintenance of the means and systems available to or assigned to it for the take-up and successful conduct of air operations such as Close Air Support and Anti-tank missions.

 

History

 

450 Helicopter Squadron, of the Airforce Command, was formed on the 15th of October 2001. The unit is equipped with Mi-35P attack helicopters and SA342L1 Gazelle helicopters.

 

The personnel of 450 HSQ undergo realistic training in view of increasing their operational capabilities. The squadron takes part in all major exercises/drills - both local and international with great success.

 

Aircraft served:

 

PC-9

 

Aircraft serving:

 

Mi-35P

SA-342

 

 

 

 

460 SEARCH AND RESQUE SQUADRON

 

Emblem:

"Fortune helps the brave" Thucydides (ancient historian).

 

The emblem of the squadron depicts the mythological sea god Triton, and was selected because it symbolizes, on the one hand, the connection of the squadron with sea and, on the other hand, to emphasize the call sign of the AW 139 helicopters: “Triton”.

 

On the emblem, the figure of Triton is dominantly displayed over Cyprus, surrounded and protected by the blue and white circles of the Air Force and the control region of Nicosia’ s FIR. On the background, the watchful eyes of the imperious eagle, symbolize the continuous vigilance and the capability of the squadron for Search and Rescue over the entire flight control region of Nicosia.

 

Location:

 

Paphos Air Base

 

Established:

 

2010

 

Subordination:

 

Under 55 CG

 

Mission:

 

Maintaining a high degree of operational readiness, with appropriate organization, staff training and maintenance of the means and systems available to or assigned to it for the take-up and successful conduct of air operations such as SAR, MEDEVAC, VIP TRANSFERS, FIRE FIGHTING etc.

 

Aircraft served:

 

PC-9

 

Aircraft serving:

 

AW 139

Β206

ΒΝ-2Β Islander

 

History:

 

460 SAR is a newly establish squadron of the Air Force Command in Cyprus. It was established on the 25th May 2010 after the Cyprus Government took the exclusive responsibility of Search and Rescue missions in its region.

 

The Squadron operates three aircraft types. The BN-2B Islander fixed wing aircraft, which were initially received from 450 Sqn, along with two Bell 206L3 Long Ranger helicopters which were incorporated in the Squadron after the decomposition of 449 Sqn and the transfer of all aircraft from Lakatamia to Paphos airport. Since December 2010 up to July 2011, three ultramodern helicopters - 4th generation Agusta Westland 139 - were incorporated on 460 SAR.

 

At the same time, preparation and training of human resources for Search and Rescue missions in the control region of the Republic of Cyprus during day and night began. Moreover, squadron aircrew are trained in the secondary missions of the squadron which are parachute jumps, transport of injured people (Medevac), aerial photography, aerial firefighting, personnel transport and tactical operations.

 

 

 

 

420 AIR DEFENCE SQUADRON (ADSQ)

 

Emblem:

«Always remember to protect and stay alert».

 

The concentric circles symbolize the Air Force. The hand that holds the sword is cab be analyzed as: the sword as a tool of war and its capability of destruction, which at the right hands and the correct use brings enemy distraction.

 

Location:

 

Paphos Air Base

 

Subordination:

 

Under 55CG

 

Established:

 

1964

 

Mission:

 

Maintaining a high degree of efficiency and readiness, with appropriate personnel training and maintenance of its weapons systems in order to take-over and conduct successful operations of active and passive air defense as well as ground defense operations.

 

History:

 

The 420 ADSQ was established in 1964 and was administratively and operationally assigned to the Cyprus Air Force.

 

It was originally situated at Tymbou airport with the mission of Air Defense and Airport Security.

 

It actively participated in the events of 1974 in active air defense operations, downing a number of Turkish fighter aircraft. It also undertook ground defense operations in order to counter the Turkish invasion with 2 fatalities. On 15 August 1974 420 was transferred to a camp at Polemidia Limassol, following a mandate order from NGHQ.

 

It was then ordered to move to a new position near Geroskipou Airport (August 22, 1974) and was temporarily given the mission of guarding the airport. 420 remained in this area until 23 October 1974, where it was once more transferred to AB Lakatamia. Since September 6, 1976, 420 was dissolved and merged with 419 in AB Lakatamia. On 1st of March of 1985 it was relocated for a second time at Geroskipou in Paphos.

 

In 1991, 420 finally settled in Timi area at the present Paphos Air Base and in 1995 it was administratively subordinated to the 55th CG.

 

WEAPONERY:

 

SHORADS

 

               «OTHELLOS» Αnti Aircraft System

Radar SkyGuard

ASPIDE Launchers

Guns 35mm

Atlas Missiles Launchers

MANPAD Missiles Launchers

Triplets FireGuns 20mm

 

 

 

 

LOGISTICS AND SUPPORT OPERATIONAL SQUADRON

 

Emblem:

“Helping Friends”

 

It is one of the Delphic Orders that were engraved perimeter of the Delphic Oracle and belonged to the seven wise men of antiquity.

 

2 eagles over Cyprus and on the background a Helicopter of the NG and on the upper left 2 fighter aircraft. The helicopter in the center symbolizes the support of the unit towards the aircraft of the AC while the target symbol (upper right) symbolizes support for the AC's anti-aircraft means. The Eagle is a symbol of the Air Force and symbolizes power and air domination.

 

Location:

 

Paphos Air Base

 

Established:

 

2010

 

Subordination:

 

Under 55CG

 

Mission:

 

Support and coordinate of logistic and typical assets of 55CG and its units.

 

History:

 

Newly formed unit in 2010 with aim to support 55CGs and the Air Force’s base needs for logistic support.

 

Structure:

 

It is organized in platoons for the supply and support of 55CG. This includes the maintenance equipment of base facilities, support for the transportation vehicles, special machinery of the airbase and its Subordinate Units.